Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
MARINS, Vania M. R. V. et al. Anthropometric profile of children aged 0 to 5 years in the city of Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 1995, vol.11, n.2, pp. 246-253. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X1995000200008.
The Niterói-based Nutritional and Food Surveillance System (SISVAN Niteroi, RJ, Brazil) performed an anthropometric survey which included 2,248 children from zero to 60 months of age in September 1992, during a mass vaccination day program. The purpose was to determine the nutritional status of children from that city. The indexes used were Weight for Age (WA), Weight for Height (WH), and Height for Age (HA), and the reference population was that of the NCHS (National Center for Health Statistics, USA), adopted and recommended by the WHO. The indexes were analyzed using the classifications by Gomez and Z-Scores. Prevalence of undernutrition was calculated on the basis of the proportion of children with Z-scores under -2.00, using HAZ to stabilish chronic forms and WHZ for acute ones. A data base was built using Epi Info, version 5.01b, and a special program from CDC (Centers for Disease Control) was used to calculate anthropometric indexes. The results showed as much as 20.1 % of undernutrition, including all forms from the Gomez classification. In the city as a whole, 6.8% had HAZ under -2.00. The results indicated a serious situation of chronic undernutrition that demands continuous nutritional surveillance in Niteroi, and especially in the city's Eastern District.
Keywords : Undernutrition; Infant Undernutrition; Growth Nutritional Surveillance; Anthropometry.