Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
GONZALEZ DE LEON AGUIRRE, Deyanira and SALINAS URBINA, Addis Abeba. Abortion and physicians in training: the opinion of medical students in Mexico City. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 1997, vol.13, n.2, pp. 227-236. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X1997000200012.
This research project explores doctors' views regarding induced abortion. Abortion's penalization in Mexico greatly conditions its relevance as a social and public health problem. Physicians constitute a professional sector that can play an important role in reforming current laws on abortion. As a professional group, they have taken a conservative stance towards abortion. Their attitudes are to a great extent influenced by the medical training they receive. In this article we present results from a survey of 96 medical students from the Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Xochimilco, in Mexico City. Data were processed with the SPSS program. Simple frequencies show that students have limited knowledge concerning the legal status of abortion and that they tolerate it with restrictions and in limited situations. Women students apparently take a more conservative stance, but statistical analysis with the c-square test did not show significant differences by gender. The article poses the need to modify doctors' training in the reproductive health field, allowing future doctors to acquire a broader view of health problems related to sexuality and reproduction. In the long run, this should also promote a kind of comprehensive health care practice in medical services, thus responding more satisfactorily to women's needs.
Keywords : Abortion; Induced Abortion; Medical Students; Reproductive Health.