Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
CARVALHO, Marcos André de and NOGUEIRA, Flávia. Snakes from the urban area of Cuiabá, Mato Grosso: ecological aspects and associated snakebites. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 1998, vol.14, n.4, pp. 753-763. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X1998000400017.
This study presents data on snakes recorded in the urban area of Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Sources of information included specimens captured by local residents (1986-1993) and turned over to the Mato Grosso Regional Ophiological Center (Normat), and data from the Anti-Venom Information Center (Ciave), regarding urban snakebites (1988-1993). Thirty-seven species of snakes from 25 genera and three families were recorded. Diurnal and terrestrial habits predominated, as well as a diet based on amphibians and/or lizards. From a total of 307 snakebites recorded, some 56% were of no clinical importance, caused by non-venomous snakes, whereas 44% were clinically relevant. Approximately 99% of the latter were attributed to vipers of the genus Bothrops, and especially the Bothrops moojeni and Bothrops neuwiedi species The colubrids Philodryas olfersii and Waglerophis merremii were probably responsible for most of the non-venomous snakebites.
Keywords : Snakes; Snake Bites; Urban Zones.