Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
ELL, Erica; CAMACHO, Luiz Antonio Bastos and CHOR, Dora. Anthropometric profile of employees from a government bank in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil I: body mass index and sociodemographic factors. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 1999, vol.15, n.1, pp. 113-122. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X1999000100012.
This study first describes the anthropometric profile of employees at Banco do Brasil and then compares these results to those of the Brazilian National Health and Nutritional Survey, PNSN/1989, for the Southeastern region of the country. It is a cross-sectional study with a sample comprising 647 bank clerks. Weight and height informed by respondents were used to compute the body mass index (BMI). Among bank clerks, 8.8% were underweight, 27.8% were overweight and 6.4% were obese. Overweight increased with age and was about 3 times greater in men than in women. Among social and demographic variables, sex, age, and schooling best explained BMI variance. For men, proportion of overweight was higher in bank clerks than in the PNSN population, while for women, PNSN showed higher frequencies of overweight as compared to female bank clerks. High prevalence of overweight in the general population, as well as in specific groups like bank clerks, highlights the urgent need for definition and development of prevention and control policies capable of impacting risk factors and ultimately leading to a decrease in social cost due to mortality from chronic diseases.
Keywords : Obesity; Nutritional Status; Nutritional Assessment; Epidemiology.