Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
RAMALHO, Antonio Sérgio; SILVA, Roberto Benedito de Paiva e; TEIXEIRA, Rosa Chelminsky and COMPRI, Mariane Bernadete. Hemoglobin screening: response of a Brazilian community to optional programs. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 1999, vol.15, n.3, pp. 591-595. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X1999000300016.
The efficiency and the viability of three hemoglobin screening programs were investigated. They were offered on a voluntary basis to a Brazilian population and started with the analysis of blood donors, pregnant women and students. The hemoglobin screening was done through optional exams which included electrophoresis of hemoglobin and complementary hematological tests. A total of 13,670 people were tested over a period of 39 months and a total of 644 individuals with hereditary hemoglobin disorders were detected - 4.7% of the samples examined. The programs showed satisfactory indicators of viability and efficiency, expressed by the significative proportion of exams performed among the probands and their relatives.
Keywords : Hemoglobinopathies; Genetic Screening; Genetic Counseling; Genetics.