Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
SAMPAIO, Rosana F.; NAVARRO I G., Albert and MARTIN M., Miguel. Work-related disabilities and workers' difficulties in rejoining the labor market . Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 1999, vol.15, n.4, pp.809-815. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X1999000400015.
This cross-sectional study was conducted on permanently disabled workers assisted by the Center for Occupational Rehabilitation (CRP) in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, to evaluate factors associated with their chances of readmission into the labor market. A logistic model was used to investigate workers' acceptance into the professional rehabilitation program and their return into the market. The most decisive factors for their acceptance were age, presence of repetitive strain injury (RSI), and educational level. The most favorable situation was that of workers with RSI under 40 years of age and with average schooling (75.6%). Results showed that young male workers with high educational levels were the ones with the best chances of rejoining the market (90.9%). A controversial issue relates to workers' acceptance and program results. In order to be accepted, the worker had to display a given age and educational profile. Workers with RSI had this profile, but once accepted they were the ones with the greatest difficulty in rejoining the work force. In addition, discrimination against female workers was observed, despite their characteristics being similar to those of males.
Keywords : Occupational Accidents; Occupational Health; Supported Employment.