Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
GUJRAL, Lorna and VAZ, Rui Gama. Prevalence, risk behavior, and level of information associated with vesical schistosomiasis in primary school students from the Primeiro de Junho health district, Maputo, Mozambique. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2000, vol.16, n.1, pp.43-50. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2000000100005.
To assess the prevalence and identify levels of information and risk behavior associated with vesical schistosomiasis, a cross-sectional study was conducted in October-November 1996, involving students from 3 primary schools in the Primeiro de Junho health district in Maputo, Mozambique. Epidemiological interviews and urine samples were taken from 434 male and female students from grades 2 through 5, randomly selected. Estimated prevalence was 11.3% (49/434). Highest prevalence was in the age group 15 years old, and the highest intensity of infection among the 10-14-year age group, with 204 eggs/10 ml urine. Approximately 18.9% had heard of schistosomiasis, and of these, only 19.5% (16/82) knew how the disease is manifested. Approximately 50% of the students reported frequent water contacts with potential sources of schistosomiasis. The study shows that vesical schistosomiasis is a public health problem among students in this health district.
Keywords : Schistosomiasis Haematobia; Prevalence; Risk Behavior; Schools; Mozambique.