Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
IRIART, Celia; MERHY, Emerson Elias and WAITZKIN, Howard. Managed care in Latin America: transnationalization of the health sector in a context of reform. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2000, vol.16, n.1, pp. 95-105. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2000000100010.
This article presents the results of the comparative research project "Managed Care in Latin America: Its Role in Health Reform". The project was conducted by teams in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, and the United States. The study's objective was to analyze the process by which managed care is exported, especially from the United States, and how managed care is adopted in Latin American countries. Our research methods included qualitative and quantitative techniques. Adoption of managed care reflects transnationalization of the health sector. Our findings demonstrate the entrance of large multinational financial capital into the private insurance and health services sectors and their intention of participating in the administration of government institutions and medical/social security funds. We conclude that this basic change involving the slow adoption of managed care is facilitated by ideological changes with discourses accepting the inexorable nature of public sector reform.
Keywords : Managed Care; Medical Services; Health Policy; Latin America.