Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
MELLO, Marcelo Feijó de. Suicide and its psychopathological relations: a qualitative analysis of 6 rational suicidal patients. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2000, vol.16, n.1, pp. 163-170. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2000000100017.
We studied the meaning given to the terms "death" and "suicide" among psychiatric inpatients. Forty-four patients who had been admitted in a psychiatric inpatient unit following a suicide attempt underwent a qualitative interview, using a "general guide interview" approach. The results were analysed systematically in an attempt to investigate the relationship between attempted suicide and mental disorder. In 6 cases there was no correlation between the attempted suicide and psychopathological symptoms. One of these patients had a psychiatric diagnosis, but this did not seem to be related to the suicide attempt. All of them made a rational deliberate suicidal act. Conclusion: even in a psychiatric inpatient setting, suicide attempts are not always a behavioural expression of underlying psychopathological disturbances - individual and social factors also play a decisive role.
Keywords : Suicide; Attempted Suicide; Psychopathology.