Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
BARROS, Vera Lúcia Lopes; REBELO, José Manuel Macário and SILVA, Francinaldo Soares. Sandflies (Diptera, Psychodidae) in a secondary forest area in the county of Paço do Lumiar, Maranhão, Brazil: a leishmaniasis transmission area. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2000, vol.16, n.1, pp. 265-270. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2000000100030.
This paper analyzes the wealth of species, relative abundance, seasonal fluctuation, and nocturnal activity of sandflies. The field survey was conducted in a "capoeira" (secondary forest) area in the county of Paço do Lumiar, Maranhão, where cutaneous and transmission of visceral leishmaniasis frequently occurs. Sandflies were captured by CDC-type light traps from 6:00 PM to 6:00 AM, once a month, from March 1997 to February 1998. A total of 489 specimens were collected (251 males and 238 females), distributed among 10 species: Lutzomyia antunesi (45.19%), Lutzomyia whitmani (29.4%), Lutzomyia longipalpis (7.56%), Lutzomyia sordelli (6.34%), Lutzomyia flaviscutellata (4.5%), Brumptomyia avellari (4.09%), Lutzomyia evandroi (1.85%), Lutzomyia umbratilis (0.61%), Lutzomyia corossoniensis (0.41%), and Lutzomyia trispinosa (0.41%). The sandflies were present year round, with higher abundance during the rainy season. They were present in all intervals studied, with the highest frequency between 12:00 PM and 1:00 AM (31%).
Keywords : Lutzomyia; Phlebotominae; Psychodidae; Leishmaniasis; Insect Vectors .