Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
COMPRI, Mariane B.; SAAD, Sara T. O. and RAMALHO, Antonio Sérgio. G-6-PD deficiency in a Brazilian community: an investigation involving epidemiological genetics and molecular techniques. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2000, vol.16, n.2, pp. 335-342. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2000000200004.
This paper reports on a study of the G-6-PD deficiency in Bragança Paulista, São Paulo State, Brazil. A total of 4,621 male blood donors were investigated over a 36-month period. Of these, 80 had the G-6-PD deficiency. Molecular analysis was performed on 70 unrelated G-6-PD deficients through DNA amplification followed by digestion with restriction enzymes and single strand conformation polymorphism analysis (SSCP). In 98.6%, the G-6-PD A- (202 G®A) mutation was observed through digestion of exon 4 with Nla III. The presence of an uncommon mutation in exon 9 was also observed through SSCP. No case of the Mediterranean variant was observed. These results indicate that the A- (202G®A) variant, almost exclusive, was introduced into the community not only by individuals of African origin, but also by European immigrants, mainly Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese. The Italian contribution in terms of the G-6-PD Mediterranean variant was smaller than its contribution to beta thalassemia, probably due to the Northern Italian origin of these immigrants.
Keywords : Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency; Community Genetics; Medical Genetics; Molecular Biology.