Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
GONZALEZ, Edilberto et al. Economic and social impact of the National Tuberculosis Control Program (NTCP) on the Cuban population. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2000, vol.16, n.3, pp. 687-700. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2000000300017.
Tuberculosis (TB) control strategies provide one of the greatest cost/effectiveness results. To assess the impact of the national TB control program on the Cuban population, the time series of new TB cases and death reports, potential years of life lost, and the numbers of beds for TB case hospitalization in the entire country during 1964-91 and 1992-96 were described by common simple calculation on the basis of estimated expected values. The reduction in new TB cases and deaths, potential years of life saved, and savings in expenditures for treatment, hospitalization, and unemployment compensation were estimated. >From 1965 to 1991 new case reports were reduced by 94.6% (4% per year); 86,500 cases were avoided; 166,439 potential years of life were saved; 2,831,625 million pesos were saved on tuberculostatic drugs; 82.7 million pesos were saved on unemployment compensation under the social security system for workers with active TB. Estimated savings totaled 494,919,631.3 pesos. Nationwide intervention for TB control produced an important impact on the basis of the sociopolitical status making it possible to approach complete elimination of the disease in the future.
Keywords : Tuberculosis; National Health Programs; Cuba.