Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
NORIEGA, Mariano et al. Interaction of work demands in the genesis of mental suffering. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2000, vol.16, n.4, pp. 1011-1019. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2000000400019.
Current working conditions and new forms of work organization are affecting workers' health in numerous ways which can only be explained by more complex theories and methodologies than those used traditionally. The authors analyze some important elements of the work process and the interaction among work demands as determinants of mental and psychosomatic disorders and fatigue (MPDF) among workers in a Mexican industrial plant. The workers studied (n = 830) were male, with a mean age of 32. MPDF represent one-third of the disease burden among these workers. An association was observed with the number of years worked, type of activity, and job area. Job-related demands and work organization, including excessive work, strict supervision, dangerous work, unnatural positions, and intense and hard physical labor were also closely related to these conditions. The most relevant problem is the combination of many different demands. Interaction among the combinations was found to be additive or synergistic. In the latter condition the risk of morbid effects increases beyond merely an additive effect.
Keywords : Mental Disorders; Fatigue; Work.