Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
KITOKO, Pedro Makumbundu et al. Breastfeeding in two Brazilian State capitals: a comparative analysis. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2000, vol.16, n.4, pp. 1111-1119. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2000000400029.
This paper describes rapid assessment of infant feeding practices based on surveys conducted on National Immunization Day in the cities of Florianópolis and João Pessoa, Brazil. Two different infant feeding patterns emerge clearly in the data analysis. Most infants begin breastfeeding, but exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) from 0-4 months (46.3% in Florianópolis and 23.9% in João Pessoa) and timely complementary feeding rates (32.2% in Florianópolis and 24.8% in João Pessoa) are below recommended standards. EBF and breastfeeding duration medians were 53 and 238 days, respectively, in Florianópolis and 16.5 and 195 days, respectively, in João Pessoa. The results pointed to increasing breastfeeding rates and duration medians in Florianópolis as compared to João Pessoa. Use of these data could improve planning and monitoring of breastfeeding activities and infant nutrition policies.
Keywords : Breast Feeding; Supplementary Feeding; Feed; Statistical Analysis.