Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
VINHAES, Márcio C. and DIAS, João Carlos Pinto. Chagas disease in Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2000, vol.16, suppl.2, pp. S7-S12. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2000000800002.
This article presents the current situation for Chagas disease vectors in Brazil, based on data from the Brazilian National Health Foundation (FNS). Over the course of the last 20 years, continuous chemical control has resulted in a clear reduction of triatomine densities and Trypanosoma cruzi in Brazilian dwellings. Results have been particularly promising in relation to Triatoma infestans and Panstrongylus megistus, considered the most important species in the past. In parallel, data from school serological surveys, hospitalized patients, and mortality records show an important decrease in the disease. Nevertheless, some areas of the Brazilian Northeast and some residual foci of Triatoma infestans and Panstrongylus megistus remain as major challenges for public health authorities, requiring effective epidemiological surveillance. States and municipalities are required to assume this task at present, as the traditional Brazilian National Health Foundation is undergoing decentralization.
Keywords : Chagas Disease; Triatominae; Insect Vectors; Vector Control; Prevention and Control.