Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
LORENZO, Marcelo G. et al. Microclimatic properties of the Triatoma brasiliensis habitat. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2000, vol.16, suppl.2, pp. S69-S74. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2000000800007.
Vector-borne transmission of Chagas disease in Northeast Brazil is basically by Triatoma brasiliensis. It is thus crucial to determine this species' microclimatic preferences as limiting factors for its distribution and ability to infest domestic environments. We analyze the microclimatic properties of the shelters in which these insects are found in wild, domestic, and peridomiciliary environments in the State of Ceará, at Brazil. We measure temperature and relative humidity (RH) every 15 minutes for 3 days. Thermal variation was greatly dampened inside both domiciliary refuges and the more protected internal places in wild stony sites. For RH, we observed a similar dampening pattern, but mean RH was lower in both domiciliary refuges and wild ones inside stony sites as compared to reference levels in the surrounding environment. The results are discussed with regard to this species' microclimatic preferences in the laboratory and its potential as determinants of its geographical distribution.
Keywords : Chagas Disease; Triatominae; Triatoma brasiliensis; Insect Vectors.