Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
SANTANA, Vilma S. et al. Morbidity among job applicants in Greater Metropolitan Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2001, vol.17, n.1, pp. 107-115. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2001000100011.
This cross-sectional study evaluates the pre-employment health status of job applicants, based on prevalence estimates of abnormal laboratory test results, clinical diagnosis, and a physician-signed fit-for-work assessment, which is mandatory in Brazil. The study population was a random sample of 1,237 male workers selected from medical records (1988-1996) from an Occupational Medical Center located in Salvador, the capital of Bahia State, Brazil. The data were from a single pre-employment medical assessment for each individual. The most common diseases were intestinal parasites (51.7%), anemia (12.8%), and hypertension (12.7%). Drivers showed a high prevalence of overweight (38.2%) and hypertension (16.2%). In addition to work-related risks and diseases, occupational hygiene and safety programs need to address prevailing illnesses and risk factors, which in this population are typical of poor living conditions. Special attention should to be given to drivers, who are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
Keywords : Occupational Health; Morbidity; Prevalence; Workers; Employment.