Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
RIBAS, Dulce Lopes Barboza; SGANZERLA, Alfredo; ZORZATTO, José Roberto and PHILIPPI, Sonia Tucunduva. Child health and nutrition in a Teréna indigenous community, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2001, vol.17, n.2, pp. 323-331. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2001000200007.
This paper describes the health and nutritional situation of South American Indian children from a Teréna community, characterizing their nutritional status, food consumption, and socioeconomic and environmental conditions. The sample included 100 children, ranging from 0 to 59 months of age and living in Aldeia Córrego do Meio, Mato Grosso do Sul. Prevailing nutritional deficits were: 8.0% for the weight-for-age index, 16.0% for height-for-age, and 5.0% for weight-for-height. The growth deficit rate was higher than that of the Brazilian population as a whole, probably reflecting the precarious socioeconomic, environmental, and health conditions in this Teréna community. Analysis of the average nutrient sufficiency in the infant diet showed that nutritional recommendations for the different groups were not complied with. New studies, characterized as transdisciplinary and longitudinal, are necessary to better understand this process.
Keywords : Anthropometry; Child Health; Nutritional Status; Teréna; South American Indians.