Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
BRITO, Ana Cristina et al. Prevalence of canine filariasis by Dirofilaria immitis and Dipetalonema reconditum in Maceió, Alagoas State, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2001, vol.17, n.6, pp.1497-1504. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2001000600034.
A survey on the prevalence of Dirofilaria immitis and Dipetalonema reconditum was conducted in 1,519 dogs from Maceió and two coastal areas in the State of Alagoas, Northeast Brazil, from 1995 to 1999, by testing for microfilariae in blood. All blood samples were from exclusively domiciled dogs with a known history, showing that the infections were autochthonous, confirming transmission of canine filariasis in these areas. In Greater Metropolitan Maceió, 15 (1.3%) microfilaremic dogs were detected with D. immitis and 15 (1,3%) with D. reconditum. In the southern coastal area there was an estimated prevalence of 12.7% for D. immitis. D. immitis and D. reconditum microfilaria were 298.1µm and 249.2µm long and 7.3µm and 4.4µm wide, respectively. A Witness immunotest that detects D. immitis antigen was used to confirm parasitological results and reveal occult dirofilariasis cases. Of the total 6,579 females examined, 8 (0.1%) Culex quinquefasciatus were observed to be naturally infected with D. immitis larvae. These results proved dirofilariasis transmission in Maceió and demonstrated D. reconditum in the same geographic area.
Keywords : Dirofilariasis; Dirofilaria immitis; Dipetalonema reconditum.