Cadernos de Saúde Pública
versión impresa ISSN 0102-311X
SENNA, Mônica de Castro Maia. Equity and health policy: some reflections on the Family Health Program in Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2002, vol.18, suppl., pp. S203-S211. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2002000700020.
This article focuses on key elements contributing to the public social policy debate, specifically from the perspective of promoting distributive justice. The reference is the Family Health Program in Brazil and its relation to recent changes in national health policy and the literature on the issues of equity and social justice. This concern is due to recent changes in social interventions by the Brazilian state, where targeting assumes a central place in the reform process. Specifically concerning health policy, the issue of equity has gained visibility, linked to the discussion on the profile of health expenditures. One of the central aspects in this context lies in the debate between notions such as the regressive and inequitable nature of targeted measures and programs, on the one hand, and the expanded perspective of access by what have traditionally been socially excluded sectors, on the other. The debate between such perspectives highlights the controversies concerning the effectiveness of health measures, equity, and the distributive concept of social justice, with the latter as the central discussion in this study.
Palabras llave : Health Policy; Equity; Social Justice; Family Health.