Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
MIRANDA, Cristiana Ferreira Jardim de; SILVA, José Ailton da and MOREIRA, Élvio Carlos. Human rabies transmitted by dogs: risk areas in Minas Gerais, Brazil, 1991-1999. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2003, vol.19, n.1, pp.91-99. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2003000100010.
A retrospective study based on observation with the objective of identifying and characterizing the different risk areas for rabies transmission by dogs took place in Minas Gerais State, Brazil, from 1991 to 1999. Indicators confirmed occurrences of canine and feline rabies, notification of human rabies, and administration of appropriate vaccination. The Minas Gerais State Health System is divided into 25 Regional Health Centers, which are linked to the State Health Department (SES-MG). These Health Centers were utilized in the study. The results of 2,845 records of laboratory diagnosis for canine, feline, and human rabies were analyzed. Consolidated SES-MG reports from 1997 to 1999 for rabies vaccination and notification records for cases of human rabies from the National Health Foundation (FUNASA) were also used. In order to verify the local reality, a semi-structured interview with each regional program director was conducted. Minas Gerais presents four different risk modalities, classified as zero, low, medium, and high.
Keywords : Rabies; Dogs; Risk Zone; Retrospective Studies; Zoonosis.