Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
LIMA, Virgília Luna Castor de et al. Spotted fever in Campinas region, State of São Paulo, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2003, vol.19, n.1, pp. 331-334. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2003000100038.
Brazilian spotted fever was detected for the first time in the State of São Paulo in 1929. However, there is no systematic reporting of the disease in the State. In 1985, three cases of the disease occurred in the municipality of Pedreira, located in the Campinas Region, belonging to the 5th Administrative Region, in the Northeast part of the State, including 88 municipalities. An investigation was conducted at the time, but the lack of case registry limited its scope. The present study was undertaken with the aim of recovering the history of the disease in the Region. Data recovered from several public health services for 1985-2000 were used to analyze incidence patterns. It was observed that the transmission area expanded and the number of suspected cases increased, especially after 1996, when mandatory reporting was established. Deaths due to spotted fever were observed in most of the years under study. The study concluded that spotted fever incidence is increasing in the Campinas Region. Complementary bio-ecological studies are currently under way to better understand the epidemiology of this disease, recognized worldwide as an emerging public health problem.
Keywords : Spotted Fever; Epidemiologic Surveillance; Endemic Diseases.