Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
BUSS, Daniel Forsin; BAPTISTA, Darcílio Fernandes and NESSIMIAN, Jorge Luiz. Conceptual basis for the application of biomonitoring on stream water quality programs. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2003, vol.19, n.2, pp. 465-473. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2003000200013.
Biomonitoring is defined as the systematic use of biological responses to assess environmental changes, usually anthropogenic impacts. In this article we present the conceptual basis and a brief history of biomonitoring as an assessment tool for environmental health. Considering the drawbacks of physical and chemical parameters to assess environmental quality, we pinpoint the need to integrate these analyses with information provided by biological monitoring. The application of biomonitoring in Brazil would help watershed managers and policy-makers to reduce costs, increase the efficiency of analyses, and simplify the results, allowing community participation through volunteer monitoring programs.
Keywords : Environmental Monitoring; Water Monitoring; Water Quality; Rivers; Natural Resources Management.