Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
LESSA, Angelina do Carmo; DEVINCENZI, Macarena U. and SIGULEM, Dirce Maria. Comparison of nutritional status of low-income children in the second year of life before and after primary health care intervention. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2003, vol.19, n.2, pp. 505-514. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2003000200017.
The so-called "Slum Project" or Projeto Favela at the São Paulo School of Medicine, Federal University in São Paulo, conducts numerous primary health care activities in low-income communities in the city of São Paulo to prevent and control nutritional deficiencies. The aim of this study was to compare the nutritional status of children from 12 to 26 months of age before and after preventive intervention. The study was conducted with two groups, before and after intervention, with 57 and 65 children, respectively. Anthropometric measures and hemoglobin values were obtained. In the before-intervention group, the prevalence of malnutrition as measured by weight for age and weight for height was 12.3% and 1.8% respectively, whereas there were no cases of malnutrition in the after-intervention group. There was a reduction in the prevalence of anemia, especially the severe form, from 33% to 7%. Mean hemoglobin increased from 10.1 to 11.0 g/dl, and the duration of breastfeeding was greater (> 180 days) after intervention.
Keywords : Primary Health Care; Child Nutrition Disorders; Anemia; Breast-Feeding.