Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
VEGA-LOPEZ, María Guadalupe et al. Regional variations in homicide mortality in Jalisco, Mexico. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2003, vol.19, n.2, pp. 613-623. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2003000200028.
The present study describes regional variations in homicide rates in Jalisco State, Mexico, in 1989-1991, 1994-1996, and 1999-2000, analyzing the trends by gender and socioeconomic stratum. Using mortality data generated by the National Institute for Statistics, Geography, and Information Technology, homicide rates adjusted by age and gender were calculated, along with rate/female rate ratios; rate ratios by socioeconomic stratum and 95% confidence intervals were also calculated. According to the results, the homicide rate showed: a downward trend in the 1990s; a regional homicide mortality pattern, with the highest rates in peripheral regions, considered among the poorest areas in the State; municipalities with the lowest socioeconomic conditions also presenting a statistically significant excess homicide mortality; and an evident over-mortality from homicide among males. The results point to tasks and challenges for public health and law enforcement institutions, including the need to implement different inter-institutional policies that take into consideration the characteristics of homicide and violent crime in Jalisco.
Keywords : Mortality; Violence; Social Conditions.