Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
GIGANTE, Denise Petrucci; VICTORA, Cesar G.; ARAUJO, Cora Luíza Pavin and BARROS, Fernando C.. Trends in the nutritional profile of children born in 1993 in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: longitudinal analyses. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2003, vol.19, suppl.1, pp. S141-S147. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2003000700015.
Trends in nutritional status were studied in children born in 1993 in the city of Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. During that year, all infants born in the city were identified, and a sub-sample of 1,273 children was visited twice at home for anthropometric examinations at an average age of 12 and 54 months, respectively. Approximately 10% of all children were lost to follow up from birth to 4 years. The prevalence of nutritional deficit decreased, while that of overweight increased between ages 1 and 4 years. The prevalence of nutritional deficit showed an inverse association with birth weight, while overweight showed a direct relationship. About 50% of the children with height/age deficit at 12 months remained in this same condition at 4 years old, while a third of overweight children remained in this condition during the same period. On the other hand, some 10% of non-overweight children became overweight between 1 and 4 years of age. The nutritional transition observed in Pelotas requires a paradigm shift in health services, which are still concentrated on detecting and treating malnutrition rather than obesity.
Keywords : Nutrition Assessment; Nutrition Disorders; Nutrition Status.