Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
CACERES, Carlos F.. Interventions for HIV/STD prevention in Latin America and the Caribbean: a review of the regional experience. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2004, vol.20, n.6, pp.1468-1485. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2004000600004.
The HIV/AIDS epidemic has completed its second decade in Latin America and the Caribbean, the latter being the second most heavily affected region in the world. In UNGASS (2001), governments renewed their commitment to confront the epidemic with adequate prevention and care. This review begins by characterizing the regional epidemic as concentrated on vulnerable groups (except for certain areas of generalization). Subsequently, we summarize the prevention work with each target group and contrast it with the epidemiological profile, concluding that the epidemic was not addressed in either timely or sufficient fashion in vulnerable groups, all of which are linked to other population groups. We also point out conditions that could foster greater impact by prevention strategies and analyze ways by which prevention activities could be better integrated with impact/reduction measures. Finally, we analyze the available information on expenditures in prevention.
Keywords : HIV; Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; Sexually Transmitted Diseases.