Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
RAMOS JR., Alberto Novaes et al. Seroepidemiological survey of human cysticercosis in a municipality of Piaui State, Northeast Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2004, vol.20, n.6, pp.1545-1555. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2004000600012.
As part of parasitological studies in the area surrounding the Serra da Capivara National Park, Piauí State, Northeast Brazil, from 1999 to 2001, the current study aimed to evaluate the epidemiological profile of human cysticercosis in the Municipality of João Costa. Clinical and epidemiological data were obtained, and blood samples were drawn for immunoenzymatic serological tests (ELISA and Western blot), using Taenia crassiceps as the antigen. The first stage, in 1999, investigated 169 individuals with a confirmed history or suspicion of infection/disease involving the teniasis/cysticercosis complex, along with the family members. Some 13.6% of the individuals were seroreactive for cysticercosis by the ELISA method. The second stage, in 2001, evaluated 92 serum samples of individuals who had been detected as reactive for cysticercosis in the first stage, along with their family members; 24% of the samples were reactive to cysticercosis by ELISA and 29% by Western blot. During this same stage a coprological survey was performed with 701 individuals, including volunteers. Prevalence of intestinal parasites was 51%, with a higher prevalence of protozoans (95%) than helminths (5%). The results indicate the endemicity of cysticercosis in the area, in addition to the high frequency of intestinal protozoan infections.
Keywords : Taeniasis; Antibodies; Parasite Diseases.