SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.20 issue6Morbidity and mortality profile of hospitalized elderly patientsChildhood anemia prevalence and associated factors in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Page  

Cadernos de Saúde Pública

Print version ISSN 0102-311X

Abstract

SALDIVA, Silvia Regina Dias Medici; ESCUDER, Maria Mercedes Loureiro; VENANCIO, Sonia Isoyama  and  BENICIO, Maria Helena D'Aquino. Prevalence of obesity in preschool children from five towns in São Paulo State, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2004, vol.20, n.6, pp. 1627-1632. ISSN 0102-311X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2004000600021.

Health and nutritional characteristics of children under 5 years of age were investigated through a cross-sectional study in 5 small cities from different regions in the State of São Paulo, Brazil, which displayed different socioeconomic profiles: Bady Bassit, Bofete, Jaborandi, Morungaba, and Riversul. Data were obtained using a systematic sampling from the 1991 National Census. Anthropometric data were collected from all children under 5 years of age living in the selected households. Nutritional status was determined by height/age and weight/height according to the National Center for Health Statistics - NCHS standards. Stunting was defined as HAZ below - 2 Z scores and obesity as WHZ above 2 Z scores. The study sample consisted of 987 children (490 boys and 497 girls). Prevalence of obesity was 6.6% (65) and stunting 5.0% (51). Per capita income displayed a significant and positive association with obesity (p = 0.018), in contrast to an inverse association with stunting (p = 0.038).

Keywords : Obesity; School Health; Infant Nutrition; Anthropometry.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in English     · pdf in English