Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
CAIXETA, Roberta de Betânia and BARBOSA-BRANCO, Anadergh. Work-related accidents in health care workers from public hospitals in Brasilia, Brazil, 2002/2003. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2005, vol.21, n.3, pp.737-746. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2005000300007.
This study evaluates the knowledge and acceptance of biosafety measures by health care professionals in light of the potential risk of occupational transmission of HIV. The survey assessed 570 health care workers from 6 hospitals, randomly selected from all hospitals in the Federal District (Brasilia), Brazil. The sample corresponds to 15.0% of the all health professionals in the selected hospitals. These professionals answered a semi-structured questionnaire on knowledge of biosafety and universal precautions, risk of occupational HIV transmission, work-related accidents, use of personal protective equipment (PPE), and acceptance of chemoprophylaxis and HIV testing. The overall accident coefficient was 39.1. Dentists, physicians, and laboratory technicians were those who most frequently suffered such accidents. The accident coefficient was inversely proportional to the hospital capacity. The professionals' knowledge of biosafety concepts and the fact that written norms were displayed in their workstations did not positively affect the work accident coefficient.
Keywords : Biosafety; Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; Health Personnel; Occupational Accidents.