Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
GOMES, Maria Auxiliadora de Souza Mendes; LOPES, José Maria Andrade; MOREIRA, Maria Elizabeth Lopes and GIANINI, Nicole Oliveira Mota. Neonatal care and mortality in public hospitals in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1994/2000. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2005, vol.21, n.4, pp. 1269-1277. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2005000400030.
This article analyzes an intervention by the Rio de Janeiro Municipal Health Department (SMS-RJ), Brazil, to reduce the neonatal mortality rate (strategies for organizing and upgrading neonatal care in the municipal system, including an increase in the number of neonatal high-risk beds). We studied the trends in neonatal mortality rate (1995/2000), neonatal care provided in different public hospitals (1994/2000), and admissions profile and mortality in four neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) under the SMS-RJ (2000). There was a concentration of high-risk neonatal care in the municipal hospitals (an increase from 28.0% of the care provided for live premature neonates in 1994 to 67.0% in 2000) and a reduction in the neonatal mortality rate in units under the Unified National Health System (from 19.9 deaths per thousand live births in 1996 to 15.5 in 2000). There was no reduction in the prematurity and low birth weight rates among mothers residing in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro. Analysis of admissions to the NICUs showed a high proportion of neonates born to mothers from municipalities outside Rio de Janeiro, while 14.0% of the mothers had not received prenatal care, and the mortality rate among newborns with birth weight < 1.500g was 32.0%.
Keywords : Services Evaluation; Infant Mortality; Neonatal Intensive Care Units.