Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
SELLI, Lucilda; PAPALEO, Ledi Kauffmann; MENEGHEL, Stela Nazareth and TORNEROS, Julián Zapico. Educational techniques in diabetes treatment. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2005, vol.21, n.5, pp. 1366-1372. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2005000500008.
This study focused on an educational program for type 2 diabetics and monitoring of the following variables: blood glucose, weight, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, and self-care of feet since the initial diagnosis over a 5-year period. This was an exploratory study from 1996 to 2000. The study was carried out with 189 patients diagnosed as type 2 diabetics, divided into two groups: compliant patients (n = 101) and non-compliant (n = 88), the latter having participated for less than 2 years. The methodology consisted of an educational intervention aimed at health and self-care. The variables used were: blood glucose, weight, BMI, and systolic and diastolic arterial pressure. The differences between baseline and final values showed a decrease for all variables in the compliant group and for blood glucose and arterial pressure (AP) for the non-compliant group. Regarding diet control, medication, physical exercise, and prevention of diabetic foot, there was a general improvement, demonstrating the importance of preventive measures for health.
Keywords : Diabetes Mellitus; Quality of Life; Health Promotion.