Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464Print version ISSN 0102-311X
SILVEIRA, Mariângela Freitas da et al. Factors associated with condom use in women from an urban area in southern Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2005, vol.21, n.5, pp.1557-1564. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2005000500029.
This study investigated the prevalence of factors associated with condom use during last sexual intercourse in 15-49-year-old women in a probabilistic sample from the urban area of Pelotas, southern Brazil. A questionnaire administered by an interviewer, investigating socioeconomic characteristics and habits, and another (self-administered) questionnaire on sexual behavior-related variables were used. Poisson regression, following a hierarchical model, was used for data analysis. 1,543 women were included, and losses and refusals amounted to 3.5%. Prevalence of condom use in last sexual intercourse was 28.0%. Condom use was positively associated with younger age, greater schooling, non-white color, single marital status, and greater number of sex partners in the previous three months. This suggests that the group most vulnerable to STDs/AIDS due to lack of condom use is white, adult women, in stable unions, with fewer sexual partners.
Keywords : Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; Sexually Transmitted Diseases; Sexual Behavior; Women's Health; Risk Factors.