Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
BARBOSA, Aline R. et al. Anthropometry of elderly residents in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2005, vol.21, n.6, pp. 1929-1938. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2005000600043.
The article presents gender and age-specific selected anthropometric data for a representative sample of elderly Brazilians in the city of São Paulo. This was a cross-sectional, population-based household survey. A total of 1,894 older adults (men and women, > 60 years) were examined from January to March 2001. Data were presented as means and percentiles for body mass (BM); height or stature (ST); body mass index (BMI); waist (WC), hip (HC), arm (AC), and calf (CC) circumferences; triceps skinfold thickness (TST); and arm muscle circumference (AMC), and differences were described according to age (all variables) and gender (BMI). Except for HC (men), all anthropometric variables were lower in the oldest than in the youngest individuals (p < 0.01) in both genders. BMI was significantly higher (p < 0.01) in women than men (all age groups). The observations suggest that there is loss of muscle mass and redistribution and reduction of fat mass with age (both genders). The data can be used in clinical practice and epidemiological studies based on interpretation of anthropometric measurements in the elderly in São Paulo.
Keywords : Anthropometry; Nutritional Status; Aged.