Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
HACKER, Mariana A. et al. Reconstructing the AIDS epidemic among injection drug users in Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2006, vol.22, n.4, pp. 751-760. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2006000400014.
The HIV/AIDS epidemic among injection drug users (IDUs) in Brazil has been unique in terms of temporal and geographical contrasts. This analysis explores these contrasts through the use of multilevel modeling. Standardized AIDS incidence rates among IDUs for Brazilian municipalities (1986-2000) were used as the dependent variable, with a set of social indicators as independent variables (covariates). In some States of the North/Northeast, the epidemic among IDUs has been incipient. The São Paulo epidemic extended to reach a network of municipalities, most of which located far from the capital. More recently, on a smaller scale, a similar extension has been observed in the southernmost States of the country. Both "number of physicians per inhabitant" and "standard distance to the State capital" were found to be associated with AIDS incidence. AIDS cases among IDUs appeared to cluster in wealthier, more developed municipalities. The relative weight of such extensive dissemination in key, heavily populated States prevails in the Brazilian IDU epidemic, defining a central-western-southeastern strip of wealthier middle-sized municipalities and more recently a southern strip of municipalities deeply affected by the epidemic in this population.
Keywords : Intravenous Substance Abuse; Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; Residence Characteristics; Incidence.