SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.22 issue4A capture-recapture technique to estimate the size of the injecting drug user population attending syringe exchange programs: AjUDE-Brasil II ProjectUtilization of HIV/AIDS treatment services: comparing injecting drug users and other clients author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Page  

Services on Demand




Related links


Cadernos de Saúde Pública

On-line version ISSN 1678-4464Print version ISSN 0102-311X


CINTRA, Ana Maria de Oliveira; CAIAFFA, Waleska Teixeira; MINGOTI, Sueli Aparecida  and  PROJETO AJUDE-BRASIL II. Characteristics of male and female injecting drug users of the AjUDE-Brasil II Project. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2006, vol.22, n.4, pp.791-802. ISSN 1678-4464.

The object of this study is to compare female and male injection drug users (IDUs) in terms of sociodemographic profile and aspects of their initiation to the use of injection drugs. It was a cross-sectional and multicentric study realized in 2000-2001 in six Brazilian syringe-exchange programs. 146 women and 709 men were interviewed, with average ages of 29.5 and 28.3 years, respectively. Both began injection drug use at similar ages, 18.6 and 19.3, for women and men, respectively, although women report more frequently than men that they were initiated by a sexual partner to acquiring drugs and syringes, and to the act of injection. Compared to men, women report significantly more regular sexual partners (83% versus 72%); fewer casual partners (39% versus 58%), more use of injection drugs with their partners, as well as more "exchange" of sex for drugs. Among HIV-seropositive individuals, women show less education, had more chance of their sexual partners participating in their initiation to injection drugs, and report sexual partners that used injection drugs more frequently. Female IDUs exhibit aspects of behavior indicating greater vulnerability to HIV infection than do males.

Keywords : Intravenous Substance Abuse; HIV; Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; Harm Reduction.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in English     · English ( pdf )