Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
MONLLEO, Isabella Lopes and GIL-DA-SILVA-LOPES, Vera Lúcia. Craniofacial anomalies: description and evaluation of treatment under the Brazilian Unified Health System. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2006, vol.22, n.5, pp. 913-922. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2006000500004.
The first initiative for treating craniofacial anomalies under the Brazilian Unified Health System was in 1993. An important step was the creation of the Reference Network for Craniofacial Treatment. There are now 29 services listed in this Network. The current study aimed to describe and assess the general characteristics of healthcare in this Network. Data were colleted by a questionnaire, sent to the centers. Response rate was 86.2%. The results showed an increase in services in Southeast Brazil, in universities, and in relation to cleft lip and palate; public financing was prevalent; team composition was largely in accordance with North American standards; routine care occurred in 90%; and 70% used clinical protocols. The Network's name does not appear to entirely reflect its scope. The results show the need to review the Network's definition, aims, and achievements and the standards for inclusion of craniofacial centers.
Keywords : Abnormalities; Cleft Lip; Cleft Palate; Cochlear Implantation; Endosseous Dental Implantation.