SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.22 issue5Women, Medicine, and technology in the discourse of medical residents in Obstetrics/GynecologyUnequal infection control conditions among dentistry offices in a southeastern Brazilian city author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Page  

Services on Demand




Related links


Cadernos de Saúde Pública

On-line version ISSN 1678-4464Print version ISSN 0102-311X


GIOVANELLA, Ligia. Primary care in European Union countries: configurations and organizational reforms in the 1990s. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2006, vol.22, n.5, pp.951-963. ISSN 1678-4464.

During the 1990s, proposals to contain health expenditures and demands raised by changes in the epidemiological profile led to organizational reforms in primary healthcare services in European Union countries, aimed at promoting the coordination of services provided by the various levels of care. Based on a literature review, document analysis, and interviews with key informants, the current study analyzes the institutional configurations for first-level healthcare and discusses the pre-coordination organizational reforms in the European Union countries. First-level outpatient care is provided in these countries through a wide variety of institutional configurations, observing the different financing mechanisms, range of healthcare professionals, range of clinical services provided, and the position occupied by physicians in primary care within the healthcare system. Reforms in the last decade were accompanied by a diversification in the outpatient care organizational models, with an expansion in the clinical, healthcare coordination management, and financing functions of primary care professionals, indicating a process in transition, with a redefinition of the roles played by general practitioners as the leaders of patient care.

Keywords : Primary Health Care; Health Sector Reform; Health Services; Health Services Administration.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in Portuguese     · Portuguese ( pdf )