Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
KAC, Gilberto; SILVEIRA, Erika Aparecida; OLIVEIRA, Lívia Costa de and MARI, Jair de Jesus. Factors associated with minor psychiatric disorders among women selected from a healthcare center in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2006, vol.22, n.5, pp. 999-1007. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2006000500012.
The aim was to investigate factors potentially associated with minor psychiatric disorders, including maternal nutritional status variables. A cohort was studied with 479 women 15-45 years of age. The reduced General Health Questionnaire (GHQ 12 items) was applied at nine months post-partum with the 312 women who had completed follow-up. Minor psychiatric disorder was defined as a GHQ score of > 4 points and was treated as the response variable. Statistical analysis used hierarchical multivariate logistic regression models. The prevalence of minor psychiatric morbidity was 54.2% (95%CI: 48.6-59.7). According to the final model, the following variables remained statistically associated with minor psychiatric morbidity: level 1: total family income (1st quartile: OR = 2.71, 95%CI: 1.42-5.19; 2nd quartile: OR = 2.13; 95%CI: 1.13-4.04); level 3: body fat > 30% (OR = 1.66; 95%CI: 1.03-2.65). In conclusion, low income and obesity were the only factors potentially associated with minor psychiatric disorders, even after adjusting for confounding variables, while there are few studies relating maternal nutritional status and minor psychiatric morbidity.
Keywords : Obesity; Body Mass Index; Nutritional Status.