Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
CARRENO, Ioná; DIAS-DA-COSTA, Juvenal Soares; OLINTO, Maria Teresa Anselmo and MENEGHEL, Stela. Use of contraceptive methods by sexually active women in São Leopoldo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2006, vol.22, n.5, pp.1101-1109. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2006000500023.
In 2003, a population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in the urban area of São Leopoldo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The sample included 867 sexually active women from 20 to 60 years of age. The objective was to describe the use of contraceptive methods. Data were collected using a standardized questionnaire. The study analyzed the prevalence of contraceptive use and socioeconomic variables in women reporting an active sex life (84.5%), stratified by age groups. Some 627 (61.1%) women reported use of contraceptive methods. In the 20-49-year old group, 48.8% reported using oral contraceptives, 18.7% tubal ligation, 17.3% condoms, and 7.3% IUDs. In the 50-60-year old group, the most widely used method was tubal ligation (79.6%). Regarding tubal ligation, the schooling variable showed a linear trend, that is, women with less schooling showed a higher prevalence. Prevalence of oral contraception was higher in low-income women.
Keywords : Contraceptives; Reproductive Control Agents; Oral Contraception; Tubal Sterilization.