SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.22 issue6A review of screening tools to assess domestic violence against the elderlyDietary patterns among postpartum women treated at a municipal health center in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Page  

Services on Demand




Related links


Cadernos de Saúde Pública

On-line version ISSN 1678-4464Print version ISSN 0102-311X


SILVA, Elissandro de Freitas; PAVANI, Rafael Augusto Borges; MORAES, Maria Silvia de  and  CHIARAVALLOTI NETO, Francisco. Drug abuse prevalence among secondary school students in São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo State, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2006, vol.22, n.6, pp.1151-1158. ISSN 1678-4464.

This study investigates the prevalence of drug consumption among secondary school students in São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo State, Southeast Brazil, and its distribution in relation to gender and grade in school. A cross-sectional survey was carried out in São José do Rio Preto. A self-applied questionnaire was answered by a proportional sample of 1,041 teenagers enrolled in 9th, 10th, and 11th grades in public schools. Lifetime consumption of psychoactive substances was: alcohol 77%, tobacco 28.7%, solvents 18.1%, marijuana 12.1%, amphetamines 3.7%, cocaine 3.3%, hallucinogens 3.1%, and crack 1.4%. Weekly use of marijuana was the highest (2.8%), followed by solvents (1.3%). Males consumed more alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, and crack than females. Nighttime use of tobacco, marijuana, cocaine, and hallucinogens was observed. In the present study, prevalence of psychoactive substance use was observed in São José do Rio Preto at rates similar to those found in other Brazilian studies.

Keywords : Street Drugs; Substance-Related Disorders; Students.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in Portuguese     · Portuguese ( pdf )