Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464Print version ISSN 0102-311X
MORAES, Cláudia Leite de; CABRAL, Cristiane S. and HEILBORN, Maria Luiza. Magnitude and characterization of sexual coercion experienced by young adults in three Brazilian state capitals: Porto Alegre, Rio de Janeiro, and Salvador. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2006, vol.22, n.7, pp.1493-1504. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2006000700013.
The article estimates the magnitude of sexual coercion among young adults in three large Brazilian cities. In addition to evaluating prevalence, the article analyzes the victim's and perpetrator's characteristics, identifies the main strategies used in coercion, and explores the social scenarios that favor the occurrence of sexual violence. The article draws on data from a household survey called the GRAVAD Project, conducted in Porto Alegre, Rio de Janeiro, and Salvador and completed in 2002. Interviews were applied to a stratified sample of males and females aged 18-24 years, with 4,634 respondents (47.2% males and 52.8% females). Prevalence of some lifetime experience as victims of sexual coercion was estimated at 16.5% for women and 11.1% for men. Victim's and perpetrator's age in the first episode, the type of relationship between them, and the forms of pressure varied between males and females. The magnitude of such events, differences between men and women, and the higher prevalence rates in certain population sub-groups demand immediate preventive policies and strategies.
Keywords : Coercion; Sexuality; Gender Identity; Adolescent.