Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
VIEIRA, Ana Carolina Reiff e et al. Accuracy of different body mass index reference values to predict body fat in adolescents. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2006, vol.22, n.8, pp. 1681-1690. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2006000800016.
This study evaluates the accuracy of cutoff points in the body mass index (BMI) for identifying adolescents with overweight, compared to the percentage of body fat, estimated by electric bioimpediance, in a probabilistic sample of 610 adolescents from 12 to 19 years of age (222 boys and 388 girls) enrolled in public schools in Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ROC was used to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of BMI cutoffs from one Brazilian, two North American, and one international reference. The cutoff points in the study sample were lower than the other references, with 76% to 95% sensitivity and 75% to 95% specificity. The Brazilian cutoff points were also more sensitive (53% to 100%) as compared to the other references (40% to 86%). The international parameter showed better sensitivity for older adolescents, and the Northern American references for younger adolescents. BMI was a good proxy for adiposity, but cutoff points from other population references should be used with caution, since they can lead to classification errors in adolescents with overweight.
Keywords : Body Mass Index; Adolescent; ROC Curve.