Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464Print version ISSN 0102-311X
GUIMARAES, Luisa and GIOVANELLA, Lígia. European integration and health policies: repercussions of the internal European Market on access to health services. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2006, vol.22, n.9, pp.1795-1807. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2006000900010.
This article explores the health policy repercussions of countries' regional integration into the European Union. The aim is to review the regulation of access in other countries, with the conclusion of the single European market and the free circulation of persons, services, goods, and capital. The article begins by reviewing the various forms of integration and describes the expansion and institutionalization of Community agencies. The repercussions of European integration on health policies and regulation of access are analyzed. Market impacts on health result from Treaty directives and internal policy adjustments to free circulation. Health services access is gradually regulated and granted by rulings. Projects along borders illustrate the dynamics where differences are used to achieve comprehensive care. In the oldest integration experience, the market regulation has generated intentional and non-intentional impacts on the health policies of member states, regardless of the organizational model. Knowledge and analysis of this experience signals challenges for the Southern Cone Common Market (Mercosur) and adds to future debates and decisions.
Keywords : Economic Blocs; Health Policy; Border Health; European Union.