Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
CUNHA, Leonardo Fernandes da and TOMITA, Nilce Emy. Dental fluorosis in Brazil: a systematic review from 1993 to 2004. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2006, vol.22, n.9, pp. 1809-1816. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2006000900011.
The current article proposes a reflection on several aspect pertaining to dental fluorosis in Brazil, based on a systematic review of epidemiological surveys. The authors assess the prevalence and degrees of severity found in different studies and show that in methodological terms, there is a need for progress in procedures for population-based studies on fluorosis. Despite the different data collection approaches, there is some consensus among the different studies as to the limited severity of fluorosis in Brazil, as well as its association with the independent variables age and socioeconomic status. The authors also highlight the importance of adding subjective aspects to the normative diagnosis as a contribution to public health policy decisions, since the use of exclusively clinical criteria gives dental fluorosis more space than society ascribes to it. There is a lack of empirical evidence to reassess the fluoride content in public water supplies, a method that is known to be necessary to improve dental caries epidemiological indicators.
Keywords : Dental Fluorosis; Oral Health; Review Literature.