Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
GIGANTE, Denise Petrucci et al. Adult obesity in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, and the association with socioeconomic status. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2006, vol.22, n.9, pp. 1873-1879. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2006000900018.
The objectives of this study were to: (1) describe obesity prevalence in a Brazilian city; (2) test the association between obesity and socio-demographic variables; and (3) compare results with a survey in the same city in 1994. A cross-sectional population-based study was carried out in a random sample of 1,968 20-69-year-olds residing in the urban area of Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State. Obesity was defined as Body Mass Index (BMI) > 30kg/m2. Age and sex-adjusted obesity prevalence was 19.4%. Schooling was not associated with obesity in men. Obesity prevalence was higher in middle-income men. Women with more schooling had lower obesity rates. There was a non-statistically significant reduction in obesity rates compared to a similar study from 1994.
Keywords : Obesity; Body Mass Index; Prevalence.