Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
CASTRO, Teresa Gontijo de and GRUPO DE ESTUDO DE DIABETES DE NIPO-BRASILEIROS DE BAURU et al. Changes in dietary intake among Japanese-Brazilians in Bauru, São Paulo, Brazil, 1993-2000. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2006, vol.22, n.11, pp. 2433-2440. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2006001100017.
Cross-sectional surveys were performed in 1993 and 2000 on Japanese-Brazilians (n = 328) of both sexes, aged 40 to 79 years in 1993, living in Bauru, São Paulo State. Both surveys examined food intake using food frequency questionnaires. Dietary intake in both surveys was compared to Wilcoxon tests according to gender (p < 0.05). Calories from dietary fat increased by 16% in both genders (mean values in 2000: 31.5% for women and 30.8% for men). When the surveys were compared, the main dietary changes were: (a) a 40% increase in oleic and linoleic acids and calories from fat and (b) a 20% reduction in dietary cholesterol in both sexes. Among women, an increase in total calorie intake with reduced consumption of vegetables and calories from sweets were observed. Despite increased intake of total dietary fat, there was a decrease in cholesterol intake and an increase in oleic and linoleic acids, fruit, and calcium. However, calcium and vegetable consumption is still short of international recommendations.
Keywords : Food Comsumption; Nutrition; Nutrition Surveys.