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Cadernos de Saúde Pública

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Abstract

HIRAMATSU, Daniel Afonso; FRANCO, Laércio Joel  and  TOMITA, Nilce Emy. Influence of acculturation on self-perceived oral health among Japanese-Brazilian elderly. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2006, vol.22, n.11, pp. 2441-2448. ISSN 0102-311X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2006001100018.

Utilizing a qualitative methodology, this study aimed to evaluate the influence of acculturation on the elderly population and self-perception of their oral health. The target population included 40 individuals, divided into two groups: first- and second-generation Japanese immigrants. Through recorded interviews, acculturation level was assessed for each group, as was its influence on attention to oral health and self-evaluation of oral health status and time elapsed since the last dental appointment. Acculturation affected both groups, although to a greater degree in second-generation Japanese-Brazilians. However, it does not interfere in self-perception of oral health by this population. The main individual care with their oral health included brushing, flossing, and soaking dentures in antiseptic solutions. In self-assessed oral health, the main complaints related to wearing dentures, and the time elapsed since the last dental appointment was 1.4 years for the non-edentulous and 6.3 years for the edentulous.

Keywords : Acculturation; Self Concept; Aged.

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