Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
MARTINS, Alaerte Leandro. Maternal mortality among black women in Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2006, vol.22, n.11, pp. 2473-2479. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2006001100022.
Every minute a woman dies in the world due to labor or complications of pregnancy. Maternal mortality is a public health problem in Brazil and affects the country's various regions unequally. Researchers agree that maternal death occurs mainly in women with lower income and less schooling. The racial issue emerges in the midst of socioeconomic issues. The analysis is hampered by the difficulty in understanding Brazil's official classification of race/color, which often impedes recording this information. Various Maternal Mortality Committees are applying the color item and reviewing their data. The current article analyzes various Maternal Mortality Committee reports, showing that the risk of maternal mortality is greater among black women (which encompasses two census categories, negra, or black, and parda, or brown), thus representing a major expression of social inequality. The article concludes with a review of political and technical recommendations to decrease maternal mortality.
Keywords : Maternal Mortality; Race; Social Inequity.