SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.22 issue12Respiratory and cardiovascular hospitalizations associated with air pollution in the city of São Paulo, BrazilHealth Information Systems: from closed systems to social citizenship. A challenge for the reduction of inequalities in local management author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Page  

Services on Demand




Related links


Cadernos de Saúde Pública

On-line version ISSN 1678-4464Print version ISSN 0102-311X


GASPARINI, Sandra Maria; BARRETO, Sandhi Maria  and  ASSUNCAO, Ada Ávila. Prevalence of common mental disorders among schoolteachers in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2006, vol.22, n.12, pp.2679-2691. ISSN 1678-4464.

Research worldwide has shown that schoolteachers are at increased risk of physical and mental stress due to material or psychological difficulties associated with their work. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of mental disorders among schoolteachers in the municipal school system in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, and to investigate associated work-related factors. A cross-sectional study was carried out including all 1st and 2nd grade schoolteachers in the Northeast region of the city. A self-applied questionnaire with six sets of questions was applied. Common mental disorders in the target population were assessed using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). 751 of the 792 schoolteachers (94.8%) participated in the study. Mental disorders were significantly associated with: positive history of violence, deficient workplace conditions and comfort, low creativity and autonomy for development of work, and insufficient time for preparing course work. The results show that mental disorders are an important health problem among schoolteachers and provide some inputs on how working conditions could be improved to relieve teachers' mental strain.

Keywords : Mental Health; Mental Disorders; Faculty; Violence; Schools.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in Portuguese     · Portuguese ( pdf )